Critical thinking skills and the development of critical thinking

Critical thinking skills and the development of critical thinking
Critical thinking skills and the development of critical thinking

thinking

The benefits of critical thinking skills
The benefits arise from the importance of critical thinking at the level of the individual, society and the world. The benefits of critical thinking are glorified thousands of years ago .. So what makes critical thinking skills have important benefits? What are the ways in which critical thinking benefits? The most important benefits of critical thinking skills are [3]:

  • Critical thinking encourages curiosity: Critical thinkers never take anything off the surface, never stop asking questions, and enjoy exploring all sides of an issue and the deep truths that hide in all types of information, by asking the simplest questions: What happens? what I see? Why is it important? Who is affected by this? What am I missing? What is concealer and why is it important? Where did this come from? How do I know for sure? who says that? Why am I listening to this person? What can they teach me? What should i think? what if …? why not?
  • Critical thinking enhances problem-solving ability: Challenges continue to change and grow as the world around us changes, the best minds are able to solve them; They will be those that are ready to think creatively and diverse, to produce innovative and durable solutions.
  • Critical thinking includes a wide range of rules: and cultivation of a wide range of cognitive skills , as critical thinking promotes the development of many skills, including: logical skills, analytical thinking, evaluation and organization skills, planning and language, as well as the ability to self-reflection and openness, in addition to the ability to make decisions .
  • Critical thinking promotes independence: When we think critically, our thinking is self-directed and structured and then we have a self-correcting mindset, meaning that strong proactive thinking abilities; It becomes our nature as we continue to develop it through learning and experience.
  • Critical thinking is a skill for living life: so that the benefits of critical thinking are not limited to learning only, based on the principle: “Education is not a preparation for life. Education is life itself.”

Stages of critical thinking

Stages of Critical Thinking Development
Researchers have identified the stages and levels of critical thinking, and the theory of development of critical thinking stages, which was invented by psychologists Linda Elder and Richard Paul; To help gauge the complexity of the current human way of thinking, and these are the stages of critical thinking, so that you can identify the stage in which your thinking is developing now [4]:

  1. The Unreflective Thinker : Where a person does not know at this stage to evaluate and analyze his thinking and its impact on his life, and this includes those who form opinions and make decisions based on cognitive biases and misconceptions while their thinking does not improve, and they lack the critical skills that allow them to analyze something They think about it, which does not apply criteria such as accuracy, suitability, and logic, and you can know these people through their comments on social media , and it is also possible for students to graduate from high school or even from college while they are somewhat irreversible thinkers!
  2. The Challenged Thinker: People in this intellectual stage begin to understand that high-quality thinking requires reflective thinking, and they can admit that their way of thinking has many flaws! However, they may not be able to identify all these defects, and the challenging thinker may have a feeling that strong thinking includes navigating assumptions, inferences, and viewpoints, but this is only on a theoretical level, and he may also be able to discover some cases of self-deception and cognitive bias, and he faces difficulty In his “lack of confidence that his thinking is better than it actually is, which makes it difficult for him to recognize the inherent problems and defects in his way of thinking.”
  3. The Beginning Thinker: A thinker at this level can go beyond intellectual humility and then aspire to control his thinking throughout the areas of his life, so that he knows the possibility and probability that his thinking has blind spots, problems and defects, and takes steps to address them but with a limited capacity, so that the value of the mind becomes greater than consciousness self , may be the initiator of the thinker is able to criticize the concepts and cognitive biases underlying ideas, with the development of higher clarity and logic internal standards, and the ability to make decisions.
  4. The Practicing Thinker: This type of more experienced thinker not only appreciates his shortcomings and flaws, but possesses the skills to deal with them, and the thinker will practice at this level of critical thinking; Better thinking habits and will analyze his mental processes on a regular basis, and while he may be able to express the strengths and weaknesses of his thinking, he may not have a systematic way of thinking his thoughts and may fall prey to selfish thinking and self-deception based on cognitive bias, and you can reach the stage of the critical thinker Active, by acquiring the skill of “Intellectual Perseverance”, so you can take charge of your thinking!
  5. The Advanced Thinker: This critical thinker (highest level) will have; Strong habits that allow him to analyze his thinking with an insight into different areas of life, and he will be fair and able to discover flaws in others’ views and defects in their thinking as well, has the ability to deal well with the role of (the ego) in influencing his thoughts, is comfortable with self-criticism and looks forward to improvement. … with skills; “Intellectual insight” to develop new intellectual habits, “intellectual integrity” in order to identify areas of contradiction and conflict with others, as well as “intellectual compassion” to place himself in the place of others in order to understand them honestly, in addition to “intellectual courage” to confront ideas and beliefs, which He does not believe in her or have negative feelings about her.
  6. The Master Thinker: The supreme thinker who controls how information is processed and decisions are made. These people constantly strive to improve their intellectual skills, and through experience they regularly develop their thinking to the level of conscious awareness, so the master thinker achieves; Great visions in the deep mental levels, so that he is committed to justice, fairness and control over his ego and ego, as well as showing accurate practical knowledge, and re-examining his assumptions in search of his cognitive weaknesses and biases, and finally .. he will not be bothered by the intellectual confrontation and will not spend time analyzing His responses.

critical thinking skills

What are critical thinking skills?
When you use critical thinking skills, you will sort and organize facts, data and other information, to identify the problem and develop effective solutions. There are many critical thinking skills, here are some examples [5]:

  • Observation skill: It is the starting point for critical thinking, committed people can quickly sense and identify a new problem, and those are able to understand why a problem exists in the origin, and they may be able to predict when the problem will occur before it occurs based on their experience.
  • Analytical skill: Once a problem is identified, analytical skills are necessary. It includes: The ability to analyze a situation and know facts, data, or information about a problem. Analysis is an essential skill to ultimately solve the problem.
  • Inference skill: it is a skill that involves drawing conclusions about the information that it collects and may require you to possess knowledge or technical or field-specific expertise, and when you deduce information about a situation, this means that you develop answers based on limited information, for example a mechanic may need The car has to use inference skills to determine the cause of the car’s engine stall for seemingly illogical reasons.
  • Communication skill: Communication skills are important when the time comes to explain and discuss issues and possible solutions to them with colleagues and other stakeholders, communication is an important skill that must be possessed and improved for many purposes at work, including critical thinking.
  • Problem-solving skill: After identifying and analyzing the problem and discussing possible solutions, the last step is implementing the solution. Solving problems requires critical thinking for a better implementation, and an understanding of whether the solution works as it relates to the goal or not.

In the end, critical thinking is the ability to see the world from a more objective perspective and not from another people’s point of view, by gathering facts, data and information from various sources, in order to solve problems or achieve desired results in an action or situation or make sound decisions. Enlightened, what are the last sound decisions you made in your life based on critical thinking? Share your opinion with us through the comments.

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